It's hard to give an exact number of those who speak any language, especially those who consider a certain language to be their second one. At the same time, Russia has more than nationalities who speak more than languages, and eight of these each tally more than 1 million native speakers. Several republics in the country, those that have another dominant ethnos, have also declared their national language as an official one, alongside Russian. They are:. Some countries even recognize Russian as a second official state language, such as Belarus, as well as those states with limited recognition such as South Ossetia, Transnistria, the Donetsk People's Republic and the Lugansk People's Republic. Russian also has official status in Kazakhstan and Kyrgyzstan, but there are limits.
Russians and Russian-speakers
How many people around the world speak Russian? - Russia Beyond
It is an official language in Russia , Belarus , Kazakhstan , Kyrgyzstan , and is used widely throughout the Caucasus , Central Asia , and to some extent in the Baltic states. Russian was the de facto language of the Soviet Union until its dissolution on 26 December Large numbers of Russian speakers are residents of other countries like Israel and Mongolia. Russian is the largest native language in Europe , and the most geographically widespread language in Eurasia. Russian is also the second-most widespread language on the Internet , after English. Russian is written using the Cyrillic script ; it distinguishes between consonant phonemes with palatal secondary articulation and those without, the so-called soft and hard sounds.
Geographical distribution of Russian speakers
This article details the geographical distribution of Russian-speakers. After the dissolution of the Soviet Union in , the status of the Russian language often became a matter of controversy. Some Post-Soviet states adopted policies of de-Russification aimed at reversing former trends at Russification. After the collapse of the Russian Empire in , de-Russification occurred in the newly-independent Finland , Poland , Estonia , Latvia , Lithuania and the Kars Oblast , the last of which became part of Turkey.
Ever wondered just how far the Russian language has spread its roots? From Moscow to Moldova, we take a look at just how many people speak Russian in the world. Like the overwhelming majority of European languages, Russian can trace its origins all the way back to its Indo-European roots. Eventually, as the Slavic tribes began to settle in eastern Europe, their language began to differentiate into what is currently considered the Proto-Slavic tongue in the Early Middle Ages, which gave rise to the Slavic family of languages.