Asmiati Malik does not work for, consult, own shares in or receive funding from any company or organisation that would benefit from this article, and has disclosed no relevant affiliations beyond their academic appointment. But the appeal of the image hides the abject poverty of the people living on the islands. Formerly known as Irian Jaya, the western half of the island of Papua was claimed by Indonesia in The people of West Papua voted to become a part of Indonesia in a widely disputed plebiscite in and in the territory was divided into two provinces — West Papua and Papua. But they are generally referred to together as West Papua. There is a pro-independence movement across Papua, especially in the highlands, and the police and military frequently crack down on separatists.