He had come home from school upset because some of the kids teased him about his habit of blinking his eyes every couple of minutes. She did not know what to do. Without it, he would occasionally run around the classroom and call out to his friend. Yet the medication, it seemed, caused him to blink his eyes. We agreed to stop the medication until we could meet and discuss things.
ADHD and Tics: Is There a Connection? | Understood - For learning and thinking differences
Tics commonly manifest themselves in children with attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder ADHD. Stimulant medications are now a primary option for treating ADHD in children with or predisposed to tic disorders. They also often emerge during childhood. They are common, but general pediatricians who report competence in their clinical management of patients with ADHD are sometimes confused by lingering controversy over appropriate clinical management when these patients also have, or later develop, tics.
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A tic is a stereotyped repetitive involuntary movement or sound, frequently preceded by premonitory sensations or urges. Most tic disorders are genetic or idiopathic in nature, possibly due to a developmental failure of inhibitory function within frontal-subcortical circuits modulating volitional movements. Currently available oral medications can reduce the severity of tics, but rarely eliminate them. Botulinum toxin injections can be effective if there are a few particularly disabling motor tics.